Steel is one of the most used materials on Earth: buildings, infrastructure, cars, lorries, ships, machines, and many other goods are made of steel and human activities depend on their services. Unfortunately, steel-making is one of the most energy and carbon intensive industrial processes, accounting for 25% of global industrial emissions of greenhouse gases.
Our work aims to identify opportunities to add value to less use of steel at different stages of the supply chain, including the assessment of:
- The flows and stocks of steel in the UK
- The limits to a circular economy of steel
- Downstream integration of the steel supply chain
- Opportunities and limits to up-cycling steel
- Steel powder
- Steel reuse